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Faunal list of the West Runton Freshwater Bed, 2010

 1 Esox luciuspike+Boehme (2010)
 2Percidae indet.(? Gymnocephalus) ruff?+Boehme (2010)
3Perca fluviatilisperch+Boehme (2010)
 4Tinca tincatench+Boehme (2010)
 5Abramis bjoerknawhite bream+Boehme (2010)
 6Scardinius erythrophthalmusrudd+Boehme (2010)
 7Rutilus rutilusroach+Boehme (2010)
 8Leuciscus iduside+Boehme (2010)
 9Anguilla anguillacommon eel+Boehme (2010)
 10Gasterosteus aculeatusthree-spined stickleback+Boehme (2010)
 1Triturus vulgarissmooth newt+Boehme (2010)
 2Triturus n. sp.crested newta+Boehme (2010)
 3Bufo bufocommon toad+Boehme (2010)
 4Hyla arboreacommon tree frog+Boehme (2010)
 5Rana arvalismoor frog+Boehme (2010)
 6Rana (Ridibunda) sp.a water frog+Boehme (2010)
 7Rana temporariacommon frog+Boehme (2010)
 8Rana cf. R. dalmatinacf. agile frog+Boehme (2010)
 1Anguis fragilisslow worm+Boehme (2010)
 2Natrix natrixgrass snake+Boehme (2010)
 3Vipera berusadder+Boehme (2010)
 1Phalacrocorax cf. carbocormorant- Stewart (2010)
 2Cygnus sp.a swan-Stewart (2010)
 3Anser sp.a goose+Stewart (2010)
 4Anatinae spp.ducks+Stewart (2010)
 5Anatinae: 'Somateria gravipes'a ducka-Stewart (2010)
 6Grus sp., cf. Grus gruscf. common crane-Stewart (2010)
 7cf. Gallinula chloropusmoorhen-Stewart (2010)
 8Turdus sp.a thrush-Stewart (2010)
 9Sturnus sp.a starling+Stewart (2010)
 10small corvidcrow family-Stewart (2010)
 11Passeriformes indet.perching bird(s)+Stewart (2010)
Chiroptera 1Nyctalus noctulanoctule bat-Harrison and Bates (1984)
Insectivora2Sorex runtonensisa shrewa+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 3Sorex savinia shrewa+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 4Sorex cf. minutuspigmy shrew+Harrison and Clayden (1993)
 5Macroneomys brachygnathusa (large) shrewa-Harrison et al. (2006)
 6Neomys newtonia water shrewa+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 7Desmana sp.a desman+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 8Talpa minora molea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 9Talpa europaeacommon mole+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 10Erinaceus sp.a hedgehog-Maul and Parfitt (2010)
Primates11Macaca sylvanusBarbary macaqueb-Hinton (1908)
Lagomorpha12Lepus sp.a hare-Mayhew (1975)
Rodentia 13Sciurus whiteiba squirrela-Hinton (1914)
 14Castor fiberbeaver+Mayhew (1979)
 15Trogontherium cuvieribeaver-like rodenta-Mayhew (1978)
 16Cricetus runtonensisa hamstera+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 17Cricetulus migratoriusc Greydwarf hamster-Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 18Pliomys episcopalisa volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 19Clethrionomys hintonianusa bank volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 20Mimomys savinia water volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 21Microtus 'arvalinus'a volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 22Microtus gregaloidesa volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 23Microtus arvalidensa volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 24Microtus ratticepoidesa volea+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
 25Apodemus sylvaticuswood mouse+Maul and Parfitt (2010)
Carnivora26Canis mosbachensisa small wolfa-not described in detail, listed Stuart (1981)
 27Xenocyon lycaonoidesa wild doga-Jonathan Stewart coll., unpublished
 28Lutra simplicidensan ottera+Willemsen (1992)
 29Pannonictis pliocaenicaa small mustelida-not described in detail, listed Stuart (1981)
 30Martes martespine marten-not described in detail, listed Stuart (1981)
 31Mustela nivalisweasel-not described in detail, listed Stuart (1981)
 32Mustela ermineastoat-not described in detail, listed Stuart (1981)
 33Ursus sp.a beara+Lewis et al. (2010)
 34Crocuta crocutaspotted hyaena+Lewis et al. (2010)
 35cf. Pachycrocuta brevirostris'giant' hyaenaa+Parfitt and Larkin (in press)
 36Felis sp.a serval-like cat+Lewis et al. (2010)
 37Felis cf. lunensisa small cata+Lewis et al. (2010)
 38cf. Lynx sp.a lynx+Lewis et al. (2010)
 39Panthera leolion-Lewis et al. (2010)
 40Panthera gombaszoegensis'European jaguar'a-Lewis et al. (2010)
 41Homotherium latidensa sabretootha-Lewis et al. (2010)
Proboscidea42Mammuthus trogontheriia mammotha+Lister and Stuart (2010)
Perissodactyla43Equus cf. suessenbornensislarge stenonid horsea+Lister et al. (2010)
 44Equus cf. altidenssmall stenonid horsea-Lister et al. (2010)
 45Stephanorhinus hundsheimensisa rhinoa+Breda et al. (2010)
 46Stephanorhinus sp. A aff. S. etruscus/hundsheimensisa rhinoa-Breda et al. (2010)
 47Stephanorhinus sp. B aff. S. etruscus/hundsheimensisa rhinoa-Breda et al. (2010)
Artiodactyla48Sus scrofawild boar-Lister et al. (2010)
 49Dama sp.a fallow deera+Lister et al. (2010)
 50Praemegaceros verticornisa giant deera+Lister et al. (2010)
 51Megaloceros savinia giant deera-Lister et al. (2010)
 52Cervalces latifronsan elk/moosea-Lister et al. (2010)
 53Cervus elaphusred deer-Lister et al. (2010)
 55Capreolus capreolusroe deer+Lister et al. (2010)
 56Bison cf. schoetensackia bisona+Breda et al. (2010)

a extinct taxon.
b 'Monkey Gravel' only.
c 'Bed g' only
+ in WRM excavation
- not in WRM excavation


Breda, M., Collinge, S.E., Parfitt, S.A., Lister, A.M., 2010. Metric analysis of ungulate mammals in the early Middle Pleistocene of Britain, in relation to taxonomy and biostratigraphy. I: Rhinocerotidae and Bovidae. Quaternary International 228 (1-2), 136-156.

Böhme, Madelaine 2010. Ectothermic vertebrates, climate and environment of theWest Runton Freshwater Bed (early Middle Pleistocene, Cromerian). Quaternary International 228 (2010) 63-71

Harrison, D.L., Bates, P.J.J., 1984. Occurrence of Nyctalus noctula Schreber, 1774 (Chiroptera: Verspertilionidae) in the Cromerian Interglacial of England. Mammalia 48, 603-606.

Harrison, D.L., Clayden, J.D., 1993. New records of Beremendia fissidens Petenyi, 1864 and Sorex minutus Linnaeus, 1776 (Insectivora: Soricidae) from the British Lower and Middle Pleistocene. Cranium 10, 97-99.

Harrison, D.L., Parfitt, S.A., Stuart, A.J., 2006. Occurrence of Macroneomys brachygnathus Fejfar, 1966 in the British Middle Pleistocene, with a review of the status of Beremendia fissidens (Petényi, 1864) in Britain (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Soricidae). Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 49A (1-2), 119-124.

Hinton, M.A.C., 1908. Note on the discovery of the bone of a monkey in the Norfolk Forest Bed. Geological Magazine 5, 440-444.

Hinton, M.A.C., 1914. On some remains of rodents from the Red Crag of Suffolk and from the Norfolk Forest-Bed. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 8 (13), 186-195.

Lewis, M.D., Pacher, M., Turner, A., 2010. The larger Carnivora of the West Runton Freshwater Bed. With an appendix: Parfitt, S.A., Larkin, N.R. Exceptionally large hyaena coprolites from West Runton and the possible presence of the giant short-faced hyaena (Pachycrocuta brevirostris). Quaternary International 228 (1-2), 116-135.

Lister, A.M., Parfitt, S.A., Owen, F.J., Collinge, S.E., Breda, M., 2010. Metric analysis of ungulate mammals in the early Middle Pleistocene of Britain, in relation to taxonomy and biostratigraphy. II: Cervidae, Equidae and Suidae. Quaternary International 228 (1-2), 157-179.

Maul, Lutz C. and Parfitt, Simon A. 2010. Micromammals from the 1995 Mammoth Excavation at West Runton, Norfolk, UK: Morphometric data, biostratigraphy and taxonomic reappraisal. Quaternary International 228 (2010) 91-115

Mayhew, D.F., 1975. The Quaternary History of some British Rodents and Lagomorphs. PhD thesis. University of Cambridge, pp. 306.

Mayhew, D.F., 1978. Reinterpretation of the extinct beaver Trogontherium (Mammalia, Rodentia). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 281, 407-438.

Mayhew, D.F., 1979. Evolution of a dental character in the beaver Castor fiber L. (Mammalia: Rodentia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 65, 177-184.

Parfitt, S.A., Larkin, N.R. 2010. Exceptionally large hyaena coprolites from West Runton and the possible presence of the giant short-faced hyaena (Pachycrocuta brevirostris). Quaternary International, in press.

Stewart, John R. 2010. The bird remains from the West Runton Freshwater Bed, Norfolk, England. Quaternary International 228 (2010) 72-90

Stuart, A.J. and Lister, A.M. 2010. The West Runton Freshwater Bed and the West Runton Mammoth: Summary and conclusions. Quaternary International 228 (2010) 241-248

Willemsen, G.F., 1992. A revision of the Pliocene and Quaternary Lutrinae from Europe. Scripta Geologica 101, 1-115.